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Adapting tissue-engineered in vitro CNS models for high-throughput study of neurodegeneration

O’Rourke, Caitriona; Lee-Reeves, Charlotte; Drake, Rosemary AL; Cameron, Grant WW; Loughlin, A Jane and Phillips, James B (2017). Adapting tissue-engineered in vitro CNS models for high-throughput study of neurodegeneration. Journal of Tissue Engineering, 8 pp. 1–9.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1177/2041731417697920
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Abstract

Neurodegenerative conditions remain difficult to treat, with the continuing failure to see therapeutic research successfully advance to clinical trials. One of the obstacles that must be overcome is to develop enhanced models of disease. Tissue engineering techniques enable us to create organised artificial central nervous system tissue that has the potential to improve the drug development process. This study presents a replicable model of neurodegenerative pathology through the use of engineered neural tissue co-cultures that can incorporate cells from various sources and allow degeneration and protection of neurons to be observed easily and measured, following exposure to neurotoxic compounds – okadaic acid and 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium. Furthermore, the technology has been miniaturised through development of a mould with 6 mm length that recreates the advantageous features of engineered neural tissue co-cultures at a scale suitable for commercial research and development. Integration of human-derived induced pluripotent stem cells aids more accurate modelling of human diseases, creating new possibilities for engineered neural tissue co-cultures and their use in drug screening.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2017 The Author(s)
ISSN: 2041-7314
Keywords: Neurodegeneration, three-dimensional models, neurons, drug screening, induced pluripotent stem cells
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Life, Health and Chemical Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 53178
SWORD Depositor: Jisc Publications-Router
Depositing User: Jisc Publications-Router
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2018 13:21
Last Modified: 23 May 2019 20:05
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/53178
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