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East Meets West: When the Islamic and Gregorian Calendars Coincide

Tantisantiwong, Nongnuch; Halari, Anwar; Helliar, Christine and Power, David (2018). East Meets West: When the Islamic and Gregorian Calendars Coincide. British Accounting Review, 50(4) pp. 402–424.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bar.2017.11.003
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Abstract

Recent research has documented that at the time of religious celebrations in Muslim countries, such as Ramadan, there is a “festival” effect in share returns. In the Gregorian calendar, December is also a time of celebration and festivities which may be associated with patterns in the behaviour of security prices. Further, the first month of the year in the Islamic calendar, Muharram, is a time of sadness and mourning for some believers, and there may be an effect when the Islamic first month of the year overlaps with the first month of the Gregorian year - January. Over a 33-year cycle, each Islamic month falls in a Gregorian month for about 5-6 consecutive years; when this happens, an Islamic (Eastern) calendar effect may interact with a Gregorian (Western) calendar effect. The current paper addresses this issue by examining the behaviour of share returns and volatility for individual companies listed in Muslim countries’ stock exchanges when the two calendars coincide for: (i) religious festival effects; (ii) first-month-of-the-year effects; and (iii) the two most common effects reported in the Islamic and Gregorian calendars (Ramadan and January). The results show that the Western and Eastern effects interact more prominently in larger companies and in larger or more developed markets.

Item Type: Journal Item
ISSN: 0890-8389
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Business and Law (FBL) > Business > Department for Accounting and Finance
Faculty of Business and Law (FBL) > Business
Faculty of Business and Law (FBL)
Item ID: 52609
Depositing User: Anwar Halari
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2017 15:18
Last Modified: 31 May 2020 12:20
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/52609
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