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Twisting fatigue in multilayer films of Ag-alloy with indium tin oxide on polyethylene terephthalate for flexible electronics devices

Mohammed, D.W.; Ameen, R. B.; Sierros, K. A.; Bowen, J. and Kukureka, S. N. (2018). Twisting fatigue in multilayer films of Ag-alloy with indium tin oxide on polyethylene terephthalate for flexible electronics devices. Thin Solid Films, 645 pp. 241–252.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2017.10.047
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Abstract

Twisting monotonic and fatigue experiments were conducted on multi-layered films of Ag-alloy based indium tin oxide (ITO) deposited on polyethylene terephthalate (PET). In the twisting tests, crack development and electrical resistance were monitored in situ. Cracks initiated at an angle of 39° ± 1.7° and propagated towards the direction of the sample length. Two sets of experiments were performed; the first set of experiments was conducted to study the effect of twisting angle and temperature on the film's electromechanical performance. The other set of experiments was conducted to study the effect of temperature in the absence of cyclic twisting deformation. The change in electrical resistance increased with number of twisting cycles and twisting angle. In addition, the highest change in electrical resistance was observed for samples subjected to cyclic fatigue at 100 °C, which is attributed to crack growth and oxidation of the Ag-alloy layer. The cracks were observed to initiate not only from coating defects but also from edge defects. Development of cracks is accelerated due to the combined effects of the external repeated stress and temperature. Therefore, it is suggested that controlling temperature when using ITO/Ag-alloy/ITO thin film under mechanical stress is important for electrical device performance; temperatures in both fabrication and use should not exceed 50 °C.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2017 Elsevier
ISSN: 0040-6090
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
HCDP2DD-07Kurdistan Regional Government
Keywords: Indium tin oxide; Silver; ITO/Ag-alloy/ITO; Polymer substrate; Polyethylene terephthalate; Twisting; Flexible electronic device
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Engineering and Innovation
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Research Group: Smart Materials
Item ID: 52249
Depositing User: James Bowen
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2017 16:31
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2019 23:22
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/52249
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