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The effect of S-substitution at the O6-guanine site on the structure and dynamics of a DNA oligomer containing a G:T mismatch

Moore, Elaine Ann and Xu, Yao-Zhong (2017). The effect of S-substitution at the O6-guanine site on the structure and dynamics of a DNA oligomer containing a G:T mismatch. PLoS ONE, 12(9), article no. e0184801.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0184801
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Abstract

The effect of S-substitution on the O6 guanine site of a 13-mer DNA duplex containing a G:T mismatch is studied using molecular dynamics. The structure, dynamic evolution and hydration of the S-substituted duplex are compared with those of a normal duplex, a duplex with Ssubstitution on guanine, but no mismatch and a duplex with just a G:T mismatch. The S-substituted mismatch leads to cell death rather than repair. One suggestion is that the G:T mismatch recognition protein recognises the S-substituted mismatch (GS:T) as G:T. This leads to a cycle of futile repair ending in DNA breakage and cell death. We find that some structural features of the helix are similar for the duplex with the G:T mismatch and that with the S-substituted mismatch, but differ from the normal duplex, notably the helical twist. These differences arise from the change in the hydrogen-bonding pattern of the base pair. However a marked feature of the S-substituted G:T mismatch duplex is a very large opening. This showed considerable variability. It is suggested that this enlarged opening would lend support to an alternative model of cell death in which the mismatch protein attaches to thioguanine and activates downstream damage-response pathways. Attack on the sulphur by reactive oxygen species, also leading to cell death, would also be aided by the large, variable opening.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2017 The Authors
ISSN: 1932-6203
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
provision of computer time 20 000 hoursCHEM449EPSRC UK National Service for Computational Chemistry Software
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Life, Health and Chemical Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 50947
Depositing User: Yao Xu
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2017 15:53
Last Modified: 04 May 2019 10:01
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/50947
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