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Patterns and predictors of help-seeking contacts with health services and general practitioner detection of suicidality prior to suicide: a cohort analysis of suicides occurring over a two-year period.

Leavey, Gerard; Rosato, Michael; Galway, Karen; Hughes, Lynette; Mallon, Sharon and Rondon, Janeet (2016). Patterns and predictors of help-seeking contacts with health services and general practitioner detection of suicidality prior to suicide: a cohort analysis of suicides occurring over a two-year period. BMC Psychiatry, 16, article no. 120.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-016-0824-7
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Abstract

Background
Contact with primary care and psychiatric services prior to suicide may be considerable, presenting opportunities for intervention. However, there is scant knowledge on the frequency, nature and determinants of contact.

Method
Retrospective cohort study-an analysis of deaths recorded as suicide by the Northern Ireland Coroner’s Office linked with data from General Practice patient records over a 2 year period

Results
Eighty-seven per cent of suicides were in contact with General Practice services in the 12 months before suicide. The frequency of contact with services was considerable, particularly among patients with a common mental disorder or substance misuse problems. A diagnosis of psychiatric problems was absent in 40 % of suicides. Excluding suicide attempts, the main predictors of a noted general practitioner concern for patient suicidality are male gender, frequency of consultations, diagnosis of mental illness and substance misuse.

Conclusions
Despite widespread and frequent contact, a substantial proportion of suicidal people were undiagnosed and untreated for mental health problems. General Practitioner alertness to suicidality may be too narrowly focused.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2016 Leavey et al.
ISSN: 1471-244X
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
Understanding SuicideNot SetPublic Health Agency NI
Keywords: suicide predictors; suicidality; help-seeking; health services; general practice
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language Studies (WELS) > Health, Wellbeing and Social Care > Health and Social Care
Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language Studies (WELS) > Health, Wellbeing and Social Care
Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language Studies (WELS)
Item ID: 50792
Depositing User: Sharon Mallon
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2017 10:41
Last Modified: 02 May 2019 10:46
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/50792
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