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Mental imagery and the distinction between primary and secondary memory

Richardson, John T. E. (1978). Mental imagery and the distinction between primary and secondary memory. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 30(3) pp. 471–485.

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Previous research has shown that the imageability of stimulus material affects the secondary memory (SM) component of free recall, but not the primary memory (PM) component, and that a negative recency effect is only observed for material of high imageability. It was found that interactive imagery instructions affected the SM component, but not the PM component; separative imagery instructions led to an increased PM component and a reduced SM component. A negative recency effect can be observed in an initial, delayed recall test. However, it is removed by imagery mnemonic instructions. This supports the idea that the negative recency effect is caused by the fact that subjects do not normally image the last few words presented in a free-recall task.

Item Type: Journal Item
ISSN: 0033-555X
Academic Unit/School: Learning and Teaching Innovation (LTI) > Institute of Educational Technology (IET)
Learning and Teaching Innovation (LTI)
Research Group: Centre for Research in Education and Educational Technology (CREET)
Item ID: 50128
Depositing User: John T. E. Richardson
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 14:50
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 10:53
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