Lanthanide Ionization Energies and the Sub-Shell Break. Part 2. The Third and Fourth Ionization Energies

Johnson, David A. and Nelson, Peter G. (2017). Lanthanide Ionization Energies and the Sub-Shell Break. Part 2. The Third and Fourth Ionization Energies. Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, 46(1), article no. 013109.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4977959

Abstract

By interpolating a 4fq6s → 4fq7s transition within the sequence f1 → f14 rather than between f0 and f14, revised third and fourth ionization energies of the lanthanides have been obtained. The revised values, together with the second ionization energies calculated in a previous paper, are used to calculate values of the standard enthalpies of formation of the gaseous tripositive ions, ΔfHƟ(M3+,g), and of the lattice and hydration enthalpies of some lanthanide compounds and ions in the trivalent and tetravalent states. The displacements of f0 values from nearly smooth f1 → f14 variations exceed 30 kJ mol-1 and indicate substantial subshell breaks.

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