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Gender differences in the prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of mobility disability among older adults in Nigeria

Balogun, Saliu Adejumobi and Guntupalli, Aravinda Meera (2016). Gender differences in the prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of mobility disability among older adults in Nigeria. European Journal of Ageing, 13(3) pp. 231–239.

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The aim of the current study is to examine gender differences in mobility disability among older people in Nigeria, and to explore factors associated with gender differences in mobility disability in later life. Data were used from the first (2010–2011) wave of the Nigeria General Household Survey-Panel, which included 3586 respondents aged 50 years and above. Mobility disability was assessed as self-reported difficulty in walking 100 m, walking 1 km, walking uphill, running, bending or stooping, and climbing stairs. Regression analyses were used to estimate the extent to which socio-demographic conditions contribute to gender differences in mobility disability. We observed a higher prevalence of mobility disability among women compared to men (20.1 vs. 12.5 %, P < 0.001). The prevalence ratios (PR) of mobility disability for women versus men was 1.61 (95 % CI 1.38–1.88, P < 0.001); after adjusting for age, marital status, place of residence, self-reported health status and cognitive difficulties, the PR was 1.55 (95 % CI 1.30–1.85, P < 0.001). In the fully adjusted model, mobility disability still remained significantly higher among women (PR 1.60, 95 % CI 1.32–1.93, P < 0.001). The marginal effects of socio-demographic and health factors were stronger for women than for men. Socio-demographic and health variables considered in this study explained between 19.3 % (men) and 22.3 % (women) of variance in mobility disability suggesting that additional factors beyond those considered in this study warrant further investigation, so that differences in mobility disability between older men and women in Nigeria can be fully understood.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
ISSN: 1613-9380
Keywords: Disability; Mobility; Gender inequality; Nigeria; Self-reported health
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language Studies (WELS) > Health, Wellbeing and Social Care
Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language Studies (WELS)
Research Group: International Development & Inclusive Innovation
Health and Wellbeing PRA (Priority Research Area)
Item ID: 49439
Depositing User: Aravinda Guntupalli
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2017 15:24
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2018 11:30
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