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Extra-terrestrial construction processes - advancements, opportunities and challenges

Lim, Sungwoo; Vibha, Vibha; Anand, Mahesh and Taylor, Lawrence (2017). Extra-terrestrial construction processes - advancements, opportunities and challenges. Advances in Space Research (Accepted Manuscript Online).

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2017.06.038
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Abstract

Government space agencies, including NASA and ESA, are conducting preliminary studies on building alternative space-habitat systems for deep-space exploration. Such studies include development of advanced technologies for planetary surface exploration, including an in-depth understanding of the use of local resources. Currently, NASA plans to land humans on Mars in the 2030s. Similarly, other space agencies from Europe (ESA), Canada (CSA), Russia (Roscosmos), India (ISRO), Japan (JAXA) and China (CNSA) have already initiated or announced their plans for launching a series of lunar missions over the next decade, ranging from orbiters, landers and rovers for extended stays on the lunar surface. As the Space Odyssey is one of humanity’s oldest dreams, there has been a series of research works for establishing temporary or permanent settlement on other planetary bodies, including the Moon and Mars. This paper reviews current projects developing extra-terrestrial construction, broadly categorised as: (i) ISRU-based construction materials; (ii) fabrication methods; and (iii) construction processes. It also discusses four categories of challenges to developing an appropriate construction process: (i) lunar simulants; (ii) material fabrication and curing; (iii) microwave-sintering based fabrication; and (iv) fully autonomous and scaled-up construction processes.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2017 Elsevier
ISSN: 1879-1948
Keywords: extra-terrestrial construction process; additive manufacturing; 3D Printing; microwave-sintering; In-Situ Resource Utilisation
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Physical Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Design and Innovation
Centre for Earth, Planetary, Space and Astronomical Research (CEPSAR)
Item ID: 49364
Depositing User: Sungwoo Lim
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2017 09:35
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2017 10:37
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/49364
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