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Romanian Tritium for Nuclear Fusion

Pearson, Richard J; Comsa, Olivia; Stefan, Liviu and Nuttall, William J (2017). Romanian Tritium for Nuclear Fusion. Fusion Science and Technology, 71(4) pp. 610–615.

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The demand for tritium is expected to increase when ITER (the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) begins operation in the mid-2020s. Romania is expected to detritiate its CANDU (Canada Deuterium Uranium) units at Cernavoda starting 2024, with the goal of improving radiological safety and reactor performance. Detritiation will result in a significant quantity of tritium being produced and thus Romania has an opportunity to supply tritium for fusion. In this assessment, ITER has been used as a reference device requiring tritium, as the projected tritium extraction schedule from Cernavoda aligns favourably with ITER operation. The findings suggest that Romania is capable of providing a total of 6.2 kg of tritium to ITER over its 20 year operation, generating a potential revenue of $186 M (USD). Opportunities associated with the supply of Romanian helium-3 are also considered as a hedging option, which has the potential to generate $120 M (USD) in the case of zero tritium sales. Greater involvement in future fission-fusion tritium-related activities through experience in tritium technologies is also discussed as a unique opportunity for Romania.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2017 Richard J. Pearson, Olivia Comsa, Liviu Stefan, and William J. Nuttall
ISSN: 1943-7641
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Nuclear Energy: Building UK Civil Nuclear Skills for Global MarketsEP/L015900/1EPSRC
Keywords: Romania, tritium, ITER, helium-3
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Mathematics and Statistics
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Engineering and Innovation
Item ID: 49331
Depositing User: Richard Pearson
Date Deposited: 03 May 2017 13:19
Last Modified: 02 May 2019 04:12
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