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Linking the multi-level perspective with social representations theory: Gasifiers as a niche innovation reinforcing the energy-from-waste (EfW) regime

Levidow, Les and Upham, Paul (2017). Linking the multi-level perspective with social representations theory: Gasifiers as a niche innovation reinforcing the energy-from-waste (EfW) regime. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 120 pp. 1–13.

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The multi-level perspective (MLP) theorises technological change as a process of niche innovations competing with incumbent socio-technical regimes. As a mid-range theoretical framework, the MLP invites complementary, more detailed theorisation of salient issues, especially the roles of socio-political agency in changing regime rules around technological competition. Taking a socio-cognitive perspective, this paper links the MLP with social representations theory, to show how a new technology is diversely anchored in a familiar one for different agendas. The case study is a specific niche innovation – thermal treatments of municipal solid waste (MSW) within the UK's wider regime of energy-from-waste (EfW). Through landscape-level changes, controversy over incinerators has destabilised the EfW regime's rules. This instability has opened up opportunities for gasifiers as a niche innovation, yet gasifiers have also become an extra focus for conflict over incinerators' wider role in the waste hierarchy. Agents compare thermal-treatment options for MSW according to various criteria which have unstable, changing rules. These express different socio-cognitive frameworks, analysed here as diverse social representations of novelty. The case study offers an insiders' perspective on endogenous enactment, i.e. the conflicting roles of socio-political agency in shaping transition pathways.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2017 The Authors
ISSN: 0040-1625
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
Increasing energy yield from the integration of anaerobic digestion and pyrolysis, http://www. supergen-bioenerEP/K036793/1EPSRC
Keywords: Multi-level perspective (MLP); niche innovation; social representations; municipal solid waste (MSW); advanced thermal treatment (ATT); gasification
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) > Politics, Philosophy, Economics, Development, Geography
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS)
Research Group: Innovation, Knowledge & Development research centre (IKD)
International Development & Inclusive Innovation
Item ID: 49265
Depositing User: Les Levidow
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2017 13:43
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2017 10:44
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