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Sea Ice, Ice Drift, and Oceanic Circulation

Thomas, David N.; Cottier, Finlo R. and Brandon, Mark A. (2017). Sea Ice, Ice Drift, and Oceanic Circulation. In: Richardson, Douglas; Castree, Noel; Goodchild, Michael F.; Kobayashi, Audrey; Liu, Weidong and Marston, Richard A. eds. The International Encyclopedia of Geography: People, the Earth, Environment and Technology. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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The episodic freezing over of the surface waters is arguably the most striking feature of the Southern and Arctic Oceans as well as some subarctic oceans such as the Baltic and Okhotsk Seas. Millions of square kilometers are covered by ephemeral layers of ice that are on average less than 1 m thick. This pack ice is highly dynamic, drifting on the underlying ocean currents, and its distribution is greatly influenced by prevailing winds. The ice is not simply an impervious layer of frozen water, but does in fact provide a variety of habitats to create a productive biome which is pertinent in the biogeochemical processes in the surface waters and at the air–ocean interface.

Item Type: Book Section
Copyright Holders: 2017 John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1-118-78635-1, 978-1-118-78635-2
Keywords: Antarctic; Arctic; climate; climate dynamics and variability; coastal and marine geography; cryosphere; earth observation; ecosystems; polar regions; sea ice
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Environment, Earth and Ecosystem Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
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Item ID: 49221
Depositing User: Mark Brandon
Date Deposited: 22 May 2017 15:56
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2018 14:18
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