What is this thing called bullying? : using sociocultural framing to interpret research on defining school bullying.

Maunder, R and Crafter, Sarah (2013). What is this thing called bullying? : using sociocultural framing to interpret research on defining school bullying. In: British Psychological Society Psychology of Education Section Conference, 8-10 Nov 2013, The Mariott Hotel, York.

Abstract

School bullying is an important concern for children, parents, schools and policy makers and it has received a huge amount of research and media interest. Whilst there is growing knowledge obtained from empirical work about the nature, extent and effects of bullying, there are areas of complexity and inconsistency in the findings. We propose that one of the issues with bullying research is a lack of emphasis on the theoretical underpinnings which might go some way to explain these complexities. In this paper we will develop our thinking on the phenomenon of bullying using a sociocultural theoretical framework. In order to explicate this, we will provide a review of existing literature on school bullying around five main themes: 1) The problem of definition and interpretation of bullying; 2) The relational aspects of bullying 3) Evolution of bullying with cultural shifts 4) Bullying as a normalised practice; and 5) Bullying as part of someone?s life trajectory. For each theme we will review the empirical findings to highlight key issues, and then present arguments from relevant sociocultural theories which could add insight in each case. We will also show how varying strands of research into bullying can be integrated together through adopting a sociocultural approach and provide explanations for areas of complexity identified in research literature. In the course of our paper, we will draw on three theoretical frameworks in order to justify and support our premise that bullying needs to be viewed in relation to social, cultural and historical factors: (i) Bronfenbrenner?s ecological model (1979); (ii) Community of Practice (Wenger, 1998); and (iii) the concept of heterochronicity (Beach, 1995). We will conclude by suggesting some implications for both research and practice which arise from taking a sociocultural view of bullying.

Viewing alternatives

Item Actions

Export

About

Recommendations