Ubbels, Barry; Nijkamp, Peter; Verhoef, Eric; Potter, Steve and Enoch, Marcus
Alternative ways of funding public transport: a case study assessment.
European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, 1(1) pp. 73–89.
Public transport is frequently subsidised by local or national governments, motivated by delining average cost arguments, social considerations and the desire to provide an alternative to private car use. Conventional sources of funding are becoming harder to sustain and this article explores the use of local hypothecated charges and taxes. Based on an overview of several case studies from across the world, it is found that there is a large potential for such mechanisms, both to raise funding and to send appropriate pricing signals to transport users.
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