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Geochemical imprints of genotypic variants of Globigerina bulloides in the Arabian Sea

Sadekov, Aleksey Yu.; Darling, Kate F.; Ishimura, Toyoho; Wade, Christopher M.; Kimoto, Katsunori; Singh, Arun Deo; Anand, Pallavi; Kroon, Dick; Jung, Simon; Ganssen, Gerald; Ganeshram, Raja; Tsunogai, Urumu and Elderfield, Henry (2016). Geochemical imprints of genotypic variants of Globigerina bulloides in the Arabian Sea. Paleoceanography, 31(10) pp. 1440–1452.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1002/2016PA002947
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Abstract

Planktonic foraminifera record oceanic conditions in their shell geochemistry. Many palaeoenvironmental studies have used fossil planktonic foraminifera to constrain past seawater properties by defining species based on their shell morphology. Recent genetic studies, however, have identified ecologically distinct genotypes within traditionally recognized morphospecies, signaling potential repercussions for palaeoclimate reconstructions. Here we demonstrate how the presence of Globigerina bulloides cryptic genotypes in the Arabian Sea may influence geochemical signals of living and fossil assemblages of these morphospecies. We have identified two distinct genotypes of G. bulloides with either cool water (type-II) or warm water (type-I) temperature preferences in the Western Arabian Sea. We accompany these genetic studies with analyses of Mg/Ca and stable oxygen isotope (δ18O) compositions of individual G. bulloides shells. Both Mg/Ca and δ18O values display bimodal distribution patterns. The distribution of Mg/Ca values cannot be simply explained by seawater parameters, and we attribute it to genotype-specific biological controls on the shell geochemistry. The wide range of δ18O values in the fossil assemblage also suggests that similar controls likely influence this proxy in addition to environmental parameters. However, the magnitude of this effect on the δ18O signals is not clear from our data set, and further work is needed to clarify this. We also discuss current evidence of potential genotype-specific geochemical signals in published data on G. bulloides geochemistry and other planktonic foraminiferal species. We conclude that significant caution should be taken when utilizing G. bulloides geochemistry for paleoclimate reconstruction in the regions with upwelling activity or oceanographic fronts.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2016 American Geophysical Union
ISSN: 1944-9186
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
Not SetNE/I019891/1NERC (Natural Environment Research Council)
Keywords: planktonic foraminifera; geochemistry; genetic variability; paleoclimate; proxy reconstructions; Mg/Ca thermometry
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Environment, Earth and Ecosystem Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 47765
Depositing User: Pallavi Anand
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2016 14:53
Last Modified: 03 May 2019 07:29
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/47765
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