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Predominantly Non-Solar Origin of Nitrogen in Lunar Soils

Mortimer, J.; Verchovsky, S. and Anand, M. (2016). Predominantly Non-Solar Origin of Nitrogen in Lunar Soils. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 193 pp. 36–53.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2016.08.006
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Abstract

Simultaneous static-mode mass spectrometric measurements of nitrogen, carbon, helium, neon, and argon, extracted from the same aliquot of sample by high-resolution stepped combustion, have been made for a suite of five lunar soils.
Noble gas isotope ratios show that the majority of noble gases are derived from a solar wind source; for example, at peak release temperatures of 500–600 °C,21Ne/22Ne = 0.0313 ± 0.0007 to 0.0333 ± 0.0007, and 20Ne/22Ne = 11.48 ± 0.05 to 12.43 ± 0.07, with values at the lowest temperature steps less fractionated during implantation from, and therefore even closer to, solar values (21Ne/22NeSW = 0.03361 ± 0.00018 and 20Ne/22NeSW = 14.001 ± 0.042 (Pepin et al., 2012)). Despite the co-release of nitrogen and solar wind argon, measured nitrogen isotopic signatures at each temperature step, whilst variable, are significantly more enriched in 15N compared to the measured solar wind nitrogen value from the Genesis mission. Therefore, mixing between a 15N-enriched non-solar planetary nitrogen source with solar wind nitrogen is required to explain the measured isotopic values from the stepped combustion analysis of lunar soils. Binary mixing calculations, made under different assumptions about the degree of loss of solar wind 36Ar, reveal that the majority (up to 98%) of the nitrogen released is derived from a non-solar source. The range of modelled non-solar end-member nitrogen compositions required to satisfy the measuredδ15N values varies between samples and temperature steps from +5‰ up to +300‰, or between +87‰ and +160‰ for bulk samples. This range of modelled isotopic compositions for the non-solar source of nitrogen encompasses measured values for several different groups of carbonaceous chondrite, as well as IDPs.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2016 The Author(s)
ISSN: 0016-7037
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
Secular evolution of water in the lunar mantle (SE-10-037-MA)ST/I001298/1STFC (Science & Technology Facilities Council)
Astronomy and Planetary Sciences at the Open UniversityST/L000776/1STFC (Science & Technology Facilities Council)
Keywords: Moon; Regoliths; Cosmochemistry; Solar wind; Meteorites
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Physical Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Research Group: Space
Item ID: 47143
Depositing User: Mahesh Anand
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2016 12:23
Last Modified: 25 May 2019 02:58
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/47143
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