Synthesis of 4-thio-5-(2′′-thienyl)uridine and cytotoxicity activity against colon cancer cells in vitro

Zhang, Xiaohui; Li, Depeng; Qin, Jianzhong; Xu, Yaozhong and Ma, Kedong (2016). Synthesis of 4-thio-5-(2′′-thienyl)uridine and cytotoxicity activity against colon cancer cells in vitro. RSC Advances, 6(74) pp. 70099–70105.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/C6RA14356C

Abstract

A novel anti-tumor agent 4-thio-5-(2′′-thienyl)uridine (6) was synthesized and the in vitro cytotoxicity activity against mice colon cancer cells (MC-38) and human colon cancer cells (HT-29) was evaluated by MTT assay. The results showed that the novel compound had antiproliferative activity toward MC-38 and HT-29 cells in a dose-dependent manner. The cell cycle analysis by flow cytometry indicated that compound 6 exerted in tumor cell proliferation inhibition by arresting HT-29 cells in the G2/M phase. In addition, cell death detected by propidium iodide staining showed that compound 6 efficiently induced cell apoptosis in a concentration-dependent manner. Moreover, the sensitivity of human fibroblast cells to compound 6 was far lower than that of tumor cells, suggesting the specific anti-tumor effect of 4-thio-5-(2′′-thienyl)uridine. Taken together, novel compound 6 effectively inhibits colon cancer cell proliferation, and hence would have potential value in clinical application as an antitumor agent.

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