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Medium of instruction policies in Ghanaian and Indian primary schools: an overview of key issues and recommendations

Erling, Elizabeth J.; Adinolfi, Lina; Hultgren, Anna Kristina; Buckler, Alison and Mukorera, Mark (2016). Medium of instruction policies in Ghanaian and Indian primary schools: an overview of key issues and recommendations. Comparative Education, 52(3) pp. 294–310.

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This paper reports on a rigorous literature review of research into medium of instruction in Ghana and India, whose language-in-education policies represent two contrasting models of use of local languages and the development of competence in English. The paper begins by briefly overviewing the language-in-education policy in these two countries and sets out the methodological approach underpinning this review. It then turns to the initial findings, which are discussed in two parts: the first categorises the three areas of research explored in the empirical studies reviewed, namely the effectiveness of language-in-education policies, problems hindering the implementation of these policies, and attitudes to these policies. The second provides an overview of the recommendations for how, given the obstacles in implementing the current policies, to better ensure the effectiveness of language-in-education policies in Ghana and India. Together these findings show that similar issues arise that contribute to challenges of providing equitable, quality education, and similar recommendations have been put forward as a result. This paper thus provides a valuable overview of key issues in the role of language-in-education policies in improving equity and quality in education in LMICs.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2016 Informa UK Limited
ISSN: 0305-0068
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
Not SetNot SetBritish Council
Not SetNot SetEducation Development Trust
Not SetNot SetThe Open University (OU)
Keywords: Language-in-education policy; multilingual education; medium of instruction (MOI); English as a medium of instruction (EMI); Ghana; India
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language Studies (WELS) > Education, Childhood, Youth and Sport
Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language Studies (WELS)
Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language Studies (WELS) > Languages and Applied Linguistics
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Centre for Research in Education and Educational Technology (CREET)
Education Futures
International Development & Inclusive Innovation
Language & Literacies
Innovation, Knowledge & Development research centre (IKD)
Item ID: 47100
Depositing User: Anna Kristina Hultgren
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2016 15:58
Last Modified: 17 May 2017 00:47
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