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Does governance make a difference to corporate performance in the financial crisis? UK Evidence

Ahmad, Sardar; Kodwani, Devendra and Upton, Martin (2016). Does governance make a difference to corporate performance in the financial crisis? UK Evidence. In: British Accounting and Finance Association Annual Conference, 21-23 March 2016, University Of Bath, Bath, UK.

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Abstract

This paper examines the effectiveness of internal corporate governance mechanisms for improving the performance of financial firms in the UK. Using Generalised Methods of Moments (GMM) estimates that control for dynamic endogeneity, this study shows that firm performance as measured by Total Shareholder Returns (TSR) and Return on Equity (ROE) is negatively associated with the level of non-compliance with the UK Corporate Governance Code. The study also finds that having a higher number of internal controls is most effective monitoring mechanism and is positively associated with firm performance. However, against our expectations, board independence represented by the number of non-executive directs (NEDs) is the least effective monitoring mechanism and is negatively associated with the performance of firms. The study also shows that directors’ share ownership is an effective incentive mechanism for aligning their interests with shareholders as it is positively associated with firm performance. However, results of the study suggest that directors’ remuneration is negatively associated with performance. Finally, the study provides evidence which indicates that board size impact the performance of firms differently in different time periods. As proposed by agency theory the study provides evidence that shows the positive impact of effective monitoring and incentive alignment for performance. It also provides support for the resource dependence view that directors are a critical resource during difficult economic times.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item
Copyright Holders: 2016 The Author(s)
Keywords: Corporate governance; Non-compliance; internal controls; directors’ share ownership ; independence; committees; GMM
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Business and Law (FBL) > Business
Faculty of Business and Law (FBL)
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Item ID: 46836
Depositing User: Sardar Ahmad
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2016 10:56
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2016 16:39
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/46836
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