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Community owned solutions for fire management in tropical ecosystems: case studies from Indigenous communities of South America

Mistry, Jayalaxshmi; Bilbao, Bibiana and Berardi, Andrea (2016). Community owned solutions for fire management in tropical ecosystems: case studies from Indigenous communities of South America. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371(1696), article no. 20150174.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0174
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Abstract

Fire plays an increasingly significant role in tropical forest and savanna ecosystems, contributing to greenhouse gas emissions and impacting on biodiversity. Emerging research shows the potential role of Indigenous land use practices for controlling deforestation and reducing CO2 emissions. Analysis of satellite imagery suggests that Indigenous lands have the lowest incidence of wildfires, significantly contributing to maintaining carbon stocks and enhancing biodiversity. Yet, acknowledgement of Indigenous peoples’ role in fire management and control is limited, and in many cases dismissed, especially in policy-making circles. In this paper, we review existing data on Indigenous fire management and impact, focusing on examples from tropical forest and savanna ecosystems in Venezuela, Brazil and Guyana. We highlight how the complexities of community owned solutions for fire management are being lost as well as undermined by continued efforts on fire suppression and firefighting, and emerging approaches to incorporate Indigenous fire management into market, incentive-based for climate change mitigation. Our aim is to build a case for supporting Indigenous fire practices within all scales of decision-making by strengthening Indigenous knowledge systems to ensure more effective and sustainable fire management.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2016 The Authors
ISSN: 1471-2970
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
Not SetPM130370British Academy International Partnership and Mobility Scheme
Not SetNot SetWoodspring Trust
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Engineering and Innovation
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Innovation, Knowledge & Development research centre (IKD)
International Development & Inclusive Innovation
Health and Wellbeing PRA (Priority Research Area)
Item ID: 46319
Depositing User: Andrea Berardi
Date Deposited: 17 May 2016 14:54
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2017 13:25
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/46319
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