Automated monitoring of high-temperature volcanic features: from high-spatial to very-high-temporal resolution

Ferrucci, Fabrizio and Hirn, Barbara (2016). Automated monitoring of high-temperature volcanic features: from high-spatial to very-high-temporal resolution. In: Harris, A.J.L.; De Groeve, T.; Garel, F. and Carn, S.A. eds. Detecting, Modelling and Responding to Effusive Eruptions. Special Publications (Online First), SP426 (426). London: Geological Society London.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1144/SP426.25

Abstract

Developments in spaceborne Earth Observation (EO) sensor technology over the last decade, combined with well-tested physical models and multispectral data-processing techniques developed from the early 1980s, have paved the way to the global monitoring of volcanoes by sensors of metric, decametric, kilometric and multi-kilometric spatial resolution. Such variable geometries provide for revisit intervals ranging from about monthly – at high-spatial resolution in Low-Earth Orbit – to less than 5 min – at low-spatial resolution, from geostationary platforms. There are currently about 20 spacecrafts available for carrying out 24/7 quantitative observations of volcanic unrest, at all resolutions and as close as possible to real-time. We show some successful examples of synergetic EO on volcanoes on three continents from 10 different payloads, automatically processed with three, end-to-end unsupervised procedures, on eight major eruptions and a lava lake between 2006 and 2014.

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