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Molecular mechanisms involved in the synergistic interaction of the EZH2 inhibitor 3-deazaneplanocin A with gemcitabine in pancreatic cancer cells.

Avan, Amir; Crea, Francesco; Paolicchi, Elisa; Funel, Niccola; Galvani, Elena; Marquez, Victor E; Honeywell, Richard J; Danesi, Romano; Peters, Godefridus J and Giovannetti, Elisa (2012). Molecular mechanisms involved in the synergistic interaction of the EZH2 inhibitor 3-deazaneplanocin A with gemcitabine in pancreatic cancer cells. Molecular Cancer Therapeutics, 11(8) pp. 1735–1746.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-12-0037
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Abstract

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is characterized by overexpression of enhancer of Zeste homolog-2 (EZH2), which plays a pivotal role in cancer stem cell (CSC) self-renewal through methylation of histone H3 lysine-27 (H3K27me3). Against this background, EZH2 was identified as an attractive target, and we investigated the interaction of the EZH2 inhibitor DZNeP with gemcitabine. EZH2 expression was detected by quantitative PCR in 15 PDAC cells, including seven primary cell cultures, showing that expression values correlated with their originator tumors (Spearman R2 = 0.89, P = 0.01). EZH2 expression in cancer cells was significantly higher than in normal ductal pancreatic cells and fibroblasts. The 3-deazaneplanocin A (DZNeP; 5 μmol/L, 72-hour exposure) modulated EZH2 and H3K27me3 protein expression and synergistically enhanced the antiproliferative activity of gemcitabine, with combination index values of 0.2 (PANC-1), 0.3 (MIA-PaCa-2), and 0.7 (LPC006). The drug combination reduced the percentages of cells in G2-M phase (e.g., from 27% to 19% in PANC-1, P < 0.05) and significantly increased apoptosis compared with gemcitabine alone. Moreover, DZNeP enhanced the mRNA and protein expression of the nucleoside transporters hENT1/hCNT1, possibly because of the significant reduction of deoxynucleotide content (e.g., 25% reduction of deoxycytidine nucleotides in PANC-1), as detected by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. DZNeP decreased cell migration, which was additionally reduced by DZNeP/gemcitabine combination (-20% in LPC006, after 8-hour exposure, P < 0.05) and associated with increased E-cadherin mRNA and protein expression. Furthermore, DZNeP and DZNeP/gemcitabine combination significantly reduced the volume of PDAC spheroids growing in CSC-selective medium and decreased the proportion of CD133+ cells. All these molecular mechanisms underlying the synergism of DZNeP/gemcitabine combination support further studies on this novel therapeutic approach for treatment of PDACs.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 012 American Association for Cancer Research
ISSN: 1538-8514
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Life, Health and Chemical Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 45798
Depositing User: Francesco Crea
Date Deposited: 13 May 2016 10:12
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 10:39
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/45798
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