The Open UniversitySkip to content

Hydrogen Treated Anatase TiO2: A New Experimental Approach and Further Insights from Theory

Mehta, Manan; Kodan, Nisha; Kumar, Sandeep; Mayrhofer, Leonard; Walter, Michael; Mosler, Michael; Dey, Avishek; Krishnamurthy, Satheesh; Basu, Suddhasatwa and Singh, Aadesh P. (2016). Hydrogen Treated Anatase TiO2: A New Experimental Approach and Further Insights from Theory. Journal of Materials Chemistry A (Early View).

Full text available as:
PDF (Accepted Manuscript) - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (2MB) | Preview
DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link:
Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar


Here, we demonstrate the effect of vacuum hydrogen annealing on TiO2 nanocrystals (H:TiO2) to modify the structural, optical and electrical properties for significantly improved photocatalytic and photoelectrochemical performance. The vacuum hydrogen annealed TiO2 nanocrytals contained paramagnetic Ti3+ centers and exhibited a higher visible light absorption cross-section as was confirmed by electron paramagnetic resonance and diffuse reflectance spectra measurements. The vacuum hydrogen annealed samples showed a noticeable improvement in photocatalytic activity under visible light (λ > 380 nm) which was demonstrated by degrading methylene blue dye and improved photoelectrochemical response in term of high photocurrent density. Ab-initio simulations of TiO2 were performed in order to elucidate the conditions under which localized Ti3+ centres rather than delocalized shallow donor states are created upon the reduction of TiO2. Randomly distributed oxygen vacancies in general lead to localized deep donor states while the occupation of the oxygen vacancies by atomic hydrogen favours the delocalized shallow donor solution. Furthermore, it was found that localization is stabilized at high defect concentrations and destabilized under external pressures. In those cases where localized Ti3+ states are present, the DFT simulations showed a considerable enhancement of the visible light absorption as well as a pronounced broadening of the localized Ti3+ energy levels with increasing defect concentration.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2016 Unknown
ISSN: 2050-7488
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
Dye sensitised solar cells with functionalised graphene nanosheets. (XD-13-064-SK)Not SetUKIERI (UK-India Education and Research Initiative)
Keywords: Ab-initio simulations: TiO2: photocatalyst; hydrogen treatment
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Engineering and Innovation
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 45177
Depositing User: Satheesh Krishnamurthy
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2016 13:45
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2019 16:17
Share this page:


Altmetrics from Altmetric

Citations from Dimensions

Download history for this item

These details should be considered as only a guide to the number of downloads performed manually. Algorithmic methods have been applied in an attempt to remove automated downloads from the displayed statistics but no guarantee can be made as to the accuracy of the figures.

Actions (login may be required)

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   contact the OU