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Why Industry Associations Matter for Healthcare Industries in Emerging Countries: Evidence from the Indian Biotechnology and Medical Device Industries

Kale, Dinar; Watkins, Andrew; Papaioannou, Theo and Mugwagwa, Julius (2015). Why Industry Associations Matter for Healthcare Industries in Emerging Countries: Evidence from the Indian Biotechnology and Medical Device Industries. In: 13th Globelics International Conference, 23-25 September 2015, Havana, Cuba.

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Abstract

This paper focuses on the often neglected role and potential of industry associations in facilitating growth and development of healthcare industries in emerging countries. Using case studies of the Indian biotechnology and medical device industries, the research presented here shows that industry associations and related umbrella organisations played a critical role in the development of the Indian biotechnology industry, while lack of similar representation created regulatory and industrial policy hurdles for the Indian medical device industry. Early on, biotech industry associations in India were proactive in lobbying the government to set up an appropriate regulatory and technology policy regime and over the years entered into a strategic partnership with government to promote entrepreneurship and affordable healthcare. By contrast, in the case of medical device industry, the diverse nature of products and underlying knowledge bases made it difficult for policy makers to fully grasp specific industrial and regulatory policy requirements. This lack of understanding was further accentuated by the absence of sector-specific industry association, creating a communication gap between government and industry and leading to the neglect of the medical device industry. This research emphatically highlights that ‘industry associations’ play critical role of plugging communication and information gaps between government and industry, promoting entrepreneurships and diffusion of regulatory policies among its members. The ability of industry associations to reduce transactions costs makes them a critical and indispensable part of national innovation systems in general and healthcare systems in particular.

Item Type: Conference Item
Copyright Holders: 2015 The Authors
Keywords: industry associations; India; biotechnology industry; medical device industry
Academic Unit/Department: Mathematics, Computing and Technology > Engineering & Innovation
Mathematics, Computing and Technology
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Innovation, Knowledge & Development research centre (IKD)
Centre for Citizenship, Identities and Governance (CCIG)
OpenSpace Research Centre (OSRC)
Related URLs:
Item ID: 44534
Depositing User: Dinar Kale
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2015 09:51
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2016 22:47
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/44534
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