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Narrative and epistemology: Georges Canguilhem’s concept of scientific ideology

Chimisso, Cristina (2015). Narrative and epistemology: Georges Canguilhem’s concept of scientific ideology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A, 54 pp. 64–73.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsa.2015.08.016
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Abstract

In the late 1960s, Georges Canguilhem introduced the concept of ‘scientific ideology’. This concept had not played any role in his previous work, so why introduce it at all? This is the central question of my paper. Although it may seem a rather modest question, its answer in fact uncovers hidden tensions in the tradition of historical epistemology, in particular between its normative and descriptive aspects. The term ideology suggests the influence of Althusser’s and Foucault’s philosophies. However, I show the differences between Canguilhem’s concept of scientific ideology and Althusser’s and Foucault’s respective concepts of ideology. I argue that Canguilhem was in fact attempting to solve long-standing problems in the tradition of historical epistemology, rather than following the lead of his younger colleagues. I argue that Canguilhem’s ‘refurbishment without rejection’ of Bachelard’s epistemology, which the concept of scientific ideology was aimed to implement, was necessary to justify the historical narratives that Canguilhem had constructed in his own work as a historian of concepts. A strict acceptance of Bachelard’s epistemology would have made it impossible to justify them. Canguilhem’s concept of scientific ideology therefore served as a theoretical justification of his practice as a historian. I maintain that the concept of scientific ideology was needed to reconcile Bachelard’s normative epistemology with Canguilhem’s view of the history of science and its aims, which differed from Bachelard’s more than it is generally acknowledged.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN: 0039-3681
Keywords: Georges Canguilhem; Gaston Bachelard; historical epistemology; ideology; Michel Foucault; Louis Althusser
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) > Social Sciences and Global Studies > Philosophy
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) > Social Sciences and Global Studies
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS)
Item ID: 44474
Depositing User: Cristina Chimisso
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2015 09:46
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2019 17:00
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/44474
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