Evolution of mid-infrared galaxy luminosity functions from the entire AKARI NEP deep field with new CFHT photometry

Goto, Tomotsugu; Oi, Nagisa; Ohyama, Youichi; Malkan, Matthew; Matsuhara, Hideo; Wada, Takehiko; Karouzos, Marios; Im, Myungshin; Nakagawa, Takao; Buat, Veronique; Burgarella, Denis; Sedgwick, Chris; Toba, Yoshiki; Jeong, Woong-Seob; Marchetti, Lucia; Małek, Katarzyna; Koptelova, Ekaterina; Chao, Dani; Wu, Yi-Han; Pearson, Chris; Takagi, Toshinobu; Lee, Hyung Mok; Serjeant, Stephen; Takeuchi, Tsutomu T. and Kim, Seong Jin (2015). Evolution of mid-infrared galaxy luminosity functions from the entire AKARI NEP deep field with new CFHT photometry. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 452(2) pp. 1684–1693.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv1411

Abstract

We present infrared (IR) galaxy luminosity functions (LFs) in the AKARI North Ecliptic Pole (NEP) deep field using recently-obtained, wider Canada–France–Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) optical/near-IR images. AKARI has obtained deep images in the mid-infrared (IR), covering 0.6 deg2 of the NEP deep field. However, our previous work was limited to the central area of 0.25 deg2 due to the lack of optical coverage of the full AKARI NEP survey. To rectify the situation, we recently obtained CFHT optical and near-IR images over the entire AKARI NEP deep field. These new CFHT images are used to derive accurate photometric redshifts, allowing us to fully exploit the whole AKARI NEP deep field. AKARI's deep, continuous filter coverage in the mid-IR wavelengths (2.4, 3.2, 4.1, 7, 9, 11, 15, 18, and 24 μm) exists nowhere else, due to filter gaps of other space telescopes. It allows us to estimate rest-frame 8 and 12 μm luminosities without using a large extrapolation based on spectral energy distribution fitting, which was the largest uncertainty in previous studies. Total infrared (TIR) luminosity is also obtained more reliably due to the superior filter coverage. The resulting rest-frame 8 and 12 μm, and TIR LFs at 0.15 < z < 2.2 are consistent with previous works, but with reduced uncertainties, especially at the high-luminosity end, thanks to the wide-field coverage. In terms of cosmic infrared luminosity density (ΩIR), we found that the ΩIR evolves as  ∝ (1 + z)4.2 ± 0.4.

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