H and Cl isotope systematics of apatite in brecciated lunar meteorites Northwest Africa 4472, Northwest Africa 773, Sayh al Uhaymir 169, and Kalahari 009

Tartèse, Romain; Anand, Mahesh; Joy, Katherine H. and Franchi, Ian A. (2014). H and Cl isotope systematics of apatite in brecciated lunar meteorites Northwest Africa 4472, Northwest Africa 773, Sayh al Uhaymir 169, and Kalahari 009. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 49(12) pp. 2266–2289.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/maps.12398

Abstract

We have investigated the H and Cl systematics in apatite from four brecciated lunar meteorites. In Northwest Africa (NWA) 4472, most of the apatites contain ∼2000–6000 ppm H2O with δD between −200 and 0‰, except for one grain isolated in the matrix, which contains ∼6000 ppm H2O with δD of ∼500–900‰. This low-δD apatite contains ∼2500–7500 ppm Cl associated with δ37 Cl of ∼15–20‰, while the high-δD grain contains ∼2500 ppm Cl with δ37 Cl of ∼7–15‰. In NWA 773, apatites in a first group contain ∼700–2500 ppm H2O with δD values averaging around ∼0 ± 100‰, while apatites in a second group contain ∼5500–16500 ppm H2 O with δD ∼250 ± 50‰. In Sayh al Uhaymir (SaU) 169 and Kalahari (Kal) 009, apatites are similar in terms of their H2O contents (∼600–3000 ppm) and δD values (−100 to 200‰). In SaU 169, apatites contain ∼6000–10,000 ppm Cl, characterized by δ37 Cl of ∼5–12‰. Overall, most of the analyzed apatite grains have δD within the range reported for carbonaceous chondrites, similar to apatite analyzed in ancient (>3.9 Ga) lunar magmatic. One grain in NWA 4472 has H and Cl isotope compositions similar to apatite from mare basalts. With an age of 4.35 Ga, this grain could be a representative of the oldest known lunar volcanic activity. Finally, since numerous evolved clasts in NWA 773 formed through silicate liquid immiscibility, the apatite grains with extremely high H2 O contents, reaching pure hydroxylapatite composition, could provide insights into the effects of such process on the evolution of volatiles in lunar magmas.

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