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Microstructure and Interfacial Reactions During Vacuum Brazing of Stainless Steel to Titanium Using Ag-28 pct Cu Alloy

Laik, A.; Shirzadi, A. A.; Sharma, G.; Tewari, R.; Jayakumar, T. and Dey, G. K. (2015). Microstructure and Interfacial Reactions During Vacuum Brazing of Stainless Steel to Titanium Using Ag-28 pct Cu Alloy. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 46(2) pp. 771–782.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-014-2671-9
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Abstract

Microstructural evolution and interfacial reactions during vacuum brazing of grade-2 Ti and 304L-type stainless steel (SS) using eutectic alloy Ag-28 wt pct Cu were investigated. A thin Ni-depleted zone of α -Fe(Cr, Ni) solid solution formed on the SS-side of the braze zone (BZ). Cu from the braze alloy, in combination with the dissolved Fe and Ti from the base materials, formed a layer of ternary compound τ2, adjacent to Ti in the BZ. In addition, four binary intermetallic compounds, Cu3Ti2, Cu4Ti3, CuTi and CuTi2 formed as parallel contiguous layers in the BZ. The unreacted Ag solidified as islands within the layers of Cu3Ti2 and Cu4Ti3. Formation of an amorphous phase at certain locations in the BZ could be revealed. The β -Ti(Cu) layer, formed due to diffusion of Cu into Ti-based material, transformed to an α -Ti + CuTi2eutectoid with lamellar morphology. Tensile test showed that the brazed joints had strength of 112 MPa and failed at the BZ. The possible sequence of events that led to the final microstructure and the mode of failure of these joints were delineated.

Item Type: Journal Item
ISSN: 1073-5623
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
Not SetNot SetEPSRC
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Engineering and Innovation
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 44247
Depositing User: Amir Shirzadi
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2015 10:58
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2016 20:26
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/44247
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