The Open UniversitySkip to content

Prediction of inter-particle adhesion force from surface energy and surface roughness

Jallo, Laila J.; Chen, Yuhua; Bowen, James; Etzler, Frank and Dave, Rajesh (2012). Prediction of inter-particle adhesion force from surface energy and surface roughness. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, 25(4-5) pp. 367–384.

Full text available as:
PDF (Accepted Manuscript) - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (711kB) | Preview
DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link:
Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar


Fine powder flow is a topic of great interest to industry, in particular for the pharmaceutical industry; a major concern being their poor flow behavior due to high cohesion. In this study, cohesion reduction, produced via surface modification, at the particle scale as well as bulk scale is addressed. The adhesion force model of Derjaguin-Muller-Toporov (DMT) was utilized to quantify the inter-particle adhesion force of both pure and surface modified fine aluminum powders (∼8 μm in size). Inverse Gas Chromatography was utilized for the determination of surface energy of the samples, and Atomic Force Microscopy was utilized to evaluate surface roughness of the powders. Surface modification of the original aluminum powders was done for the purpose of reduction in cohesiveness and improvement in flowability, employing either silane surface treatment or dry mechanical coating of nano-particles on the surface of original powders. For selected samples, the AFM was utilized for direct evaluation of the particle pull-off force. The results indicated that surface modification reduced the surface energy and altered the surface nano-roughness, resulting in drastic reduction of the inter-particle adhesion force. The particle bond number values were computed based on either the inter-particle adhesion force from the DMT model or the inter-particle pull-off force obtained from direct AFM measurements. Surface modification resulted in two to three fold reductions in the Bond number. In order to examine the influence of the particle scale property such as the Bond number on the bulk-scale flow characterization, Angle of Repose measurements were done and showed good qualitative agreements with the Bond number and acid/base surface characteristics of the powders. The results indicate a promising method that may be used to predict flow behavior of original (cohesive) and surface modified (previously cohesive) powders utilizing very small samples.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2011 Koninklijke Brill NV
ISSN: 1568-5616
Extra Information: Special Issue: Adhesion Aspects in the Pharmaceutical Industry
Keywords: inverse gas chromatography; surface energy; inter-particle adhesion force; bond number; acidity; basicity; powder flow; cohesion reduction; surface modification
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Engineering and Innovation
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 43188
Depositing User: James Bowen
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2015 10:34
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2018 22:09
Share this page:


Altmetrics from Altmetric

Citations from Dimensions

Download history for this item

These details should be considered as only a guide to the number of downloads performed manually. Algorithmic methods have been applied in an attempt to remove automated downloads from the displayed statistics but no guarantee can be made as to the accuracy of the figures.

Actions (login may be required)

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   contact the OU