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Interpretation of strong short-term central perturbations in the light curves of moderate-magnification microlensing events

Han, C.; Hwang, K.-H.; Kim, D.; Udalski, A.; Abe, F.; Monard, L. A. B.; McCormick, J.; Szymański, M. K.; Kubiak, M.; Pietrzyński, G.; Soszyński, I.; Szewczyk, O.; Wyrzykowski, Ł.; Ulaczyk, K.; Bond, I. A.; Botzler, C. S.; Fukui, A.; Furusawa, K.; Hearnshaw, J. B.; Itow, Y.; Kamiya, K.; Kilmartin, P. M.; Korpela, A.; Lin, W.; Ling, C. H.; Masuda, K.; Matsubara, Y.; Miyake, N.; Muraki, Y.; Nagaya, M.; Ohnishi, K.; Tokumura, T.; Perrott, Y. C.; Rattenbury, N.; Saito, To.; Sako, T.; Skuljan, L.; Sullivan, D. S.; Sumi, T.; Sweatman, W. L.; Tristram, P. J.; Yock, P. C. M.; Allen, W.; Christie, G. W.; DePoy, D. L.; Dong, S.; Gaudi, B. S.; Gould, A.; Lee, C.-U.; Natusch, T.; Park, B.-G.; Pogge, R. W.; Albrow, M. D.; Allan, A.; Batista, V.; Beaulieu, J. P.; Bennett, D. P.; Brillant, S.; Bode, M.; Bramich, D. M.; Burgdorf, M.; Caldwell, J. A. R.; Calitz, H.; Cassan, A.; Corrales, E.; Dieters, S.; Prester, D. D.; Dominik, M.; Donatowicz, J.; Fouque, P.; Greenhill, J.; Hill, K.; Hoffman, M.; Horne, K.; Jørgensen, U. G.; Kains, N.; Kubas, D.; Marquette, J. B.; Martin, R.; Meintjes, P.; Menzies, J.; Pollard, K. R.; Sahu, K. C.; Snodgrass, C.; Steele, I.; Street, R.; Tsapras, Y.; Wambsganss, J.; Williams, A. and Zub, M. (2009). Interpretation of strong short-term central perturbations in the light curves of moderate-magnification microlensing events. Astrophysical Journal, 705(2) pp. 1116–1121.

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To improve the planet detection efficiency, current planetary microlensing experiments are focused on high-magnification events searching for planetary signals near the peak of lensing light curves. However, it is known that central perturbations can also be produced by binary companions and thus it is important to distinguish planetary signals from those induced by binary companions. In this paper, we analyze the light curves of microlensing events OGLE-2007-BLG-137/MOA-2007-BLG-091, OGLE-2007-BLG-355/MOA-2007-BLG-278, and MOA-2007-BLG-199/OGLE-2007-BLG-419, for all of which exhibit short-term perturbations near the peaks of the light curves. From detailed modeling of the light curves, we find that the perturbations of the events are caused by binary companions rather than planets. From a close examination of the light curves combined with the underlying physical geometry of the lens system obtained from modeling, we find that the short timescale caustic-crossing feature occurring at a low or a moderate base magnification with an additional secondary perturbation is a typical feature of binary-lens events and thus can be used for the discrimination between the binary and planetary interpretations.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2009. The American Astronomical Society.
ISSN: 1538-4357
Keywords: gravitational lensing; planetary systems
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Physical Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Research Group: Space
Item ID: 43100
Depositing User: Colin Snodgrass
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2015 14:46
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 10:31
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