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Pathway to the galactic distribution of planets: combined Spitzer and ground-based microlens parallax measurements of 21 single-lens events

Calchi Novati, S.; Gould, A.; Udalski, A.; Menzies, J. W.; Bond, I. A.; Shvartzvald, Y.; Street, R. A.; Hundertmark, M.; Beichman, C. A.; Yee, J. C.; Carey, S.; Poleski, R.; Skowron, J.; Kozłowski, S.; Mróz, P.; Pietrukowicz, P.; Pietrzyński, G.; Szymański, M. K.; Soszyński, I.; Ulaczyk, K.; Wyrzykowski, Ł.; Albrow, M.; Beaulieu, J. P.; Caldwell, J. A. R.; Cassan, A.; Coutures, C.; Danielski, C.; Dominis Prester, D.; Donatowicz, J.; Lončarić, K.; McDougall, A.; Morales, J. C.; Ranc, C.; Zhu, W.; Abe, F.; Barry, R. K.; Bennett, D. P.; Bhattacharya, A.; Fukunaga, D.; Inayama, K.; Koshimoto, N.; Namba, S.; Sumi, T.; Suzuki, D.; Tristram, P. J.; Wakiyama, Y.; Yonehara, A.; Maoz, D.; Kaspi, S.; Friedmann, M.; Bachelet, E.; Figuera Jaimes, R.; Bramich, D. M.; Tsapras, Y.; Horne, K.; Snodgrass, C.; Wambsganss, J.; Steele, I. A.; Kains, N.; Bozza, V.; Dominik, M.; Jørgensen, U. G.; Alsubai, K. A.; Ciceri, S.; D’Ago, G.; Haugbølle, T.; Hessman, F. V.; Hinse, T. C.; Juncher, D.; Korhonen, H.; Mancini, L.; Popovas, A.; Rabus, M.; Rahvar, S.; Scarpetta, G.; Schmidt, R. W.; Skottfelt, J.; Southworth, J.; Starkey, D.; Surdej, J.; Wertz, O.; Zarucki, M.; Gaudi, B. S.; Pogge, R. W. and DePoy, D. L. (2015). Pathway to the galactic distribution of planets: combined Spitzer and ground-based microlens parallax measurements of 21 single-lens events. Astrophysical Journal, 804(1) p. 20.

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We present microlens parallax measurements for 21 (apparently) isolated lenses observed toward the Galactic bulge that were imaged simultaneously from Earth and Spitzer, which was ~1 AU west of Earth in projection. We combine these measurements with a kinematic model of the Galaxy to derive distance estimates for each lens, with error bars that are small compared to the Sun's galactocentric distance. The ensemble therefore yields a well-defined cumulative distribution of lens distances. In principle, it is possible to compare this distribution against a set of planets detected in the same experiment in order to measure the Galactic distribution of planets. Since these Spitzer observations yielded only one planet, this is not yet possible in practice. However, it will become possible as larger samples are accumulated.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2015 The American Astronomical Society
ISSN: 1538-4357
Keywords: gravitational microlensing; planetary systems; dynamical evolution and stability of planets and satellites
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Physical Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Research Group: Centre for Electronic Imaging (CEI)
Item ID: 43011
Depositing User: Colin Snodgrass
Date Deposited: 15 May 2015 10:08
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 10:30
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