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A grand synthesis: aided by considering Systems 1 and 2 and incentive motivation

Toates, Frederick (2015). A grand synthesis: aided by considering Systems 1 and 2 and incentive motivation. In: Gruber, Craig W.; Clark, Matthew G.; Klempe, Sven Hroar and Valsiner, Jaan eds. Constraints of Agency: Explorations of Theory in Everyday Life. Annals of Theoretical Psychology (12). Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 95–111.

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It is argued that consideration of the notion of agency can be illuminated by incorporating into explanatory models: (1) the role of incentive motivation and (2) a distinction between two types of control underlying behaviour: System 1 (fast, unconscious, evolutionarily and developmentally old) and System 2 (slow, in humans consciously accessible, evolutionarily and developmentally new). Agency would seem to be associated with the activity of System 2. The implications of this distinction for assessing conscious agency in brain-damaged patients and in allocating criminal responsibility, amongst other phenomena, are discussed. Consideration is given to Klemm’s argument concerning the efficacy of consciousness in agency.

Item Type: Book Section
Copyright Holders: 2015 Springer International Publishing Switzerland
ISBN: 3-319-10129-3, 978-3-319-10129-3
Keywords: consciousness; mind–body problem; identity theory; System 1; System 2; hierarchy; criminal responsibility; vegetative states
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Life, Health and Chemical Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 42533
Depositing User: Frederick Toates
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2015 09:34
Last Modified: 02 May 2018 14:07
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