A three-dimensional cellular automata model coupled with finite element method and thermodynamic database for alloy solidification

Zhao, Y.; Qin, R. S. and Chen, D. F. (2013). A three-dimensional cellular automata model coupled with finite element method and thermodynamic database for alloy solidification. Journal of Crystal Growth, 377 pp. 72–77.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2013.05.006

Abstract

A three-dimensional (3D) cellular automata (CA) model has been developed for the simulation of microstructure evolution in alloy solidification. The governing rule for the CA model is associated with the phase transition driving force which is obtained via a thermodynamic database. This determines the migration rate of the non-equilibrium solid–liquid (SL) interface and is calculated according to the local temperature and chemical composition. The curvature of the interface and the anisotropic property of the surface energy are taken into consideration. A 3D finite element (FE) method is applied for the calculation of transient heat and mass transfer. Numerical calculations for the solidification of Fe–1.5 wt% C alloy have been performed. The morphological evolution of dendrites, carbon segregation and temperature distribution in both isothermal and non-isothermal conditions are studied. The parameters affecting the growth of equiaxed and columnar dendrites are discussed. The calculated results are verified using the analytical model and previous experiments. The method provides a sophisticated approach to the solidification of multi-phase and multi-component systems.

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