Bound-state formation in interfacial turbulence: direct numerical simulations and theory

Pradas, M.; Kalliadasis, S.; Nguyen, P.-K. and Bontozoglou, V. (2013). Bound-state formation in interfacial turbulence: direct numerical simulations and theory. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 716, article no. R2.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2012.506

URL: http://journals.cambridge.org/article_S00221120120...

Abstract

We examine pulse interaction and bound-state formation in interfacial turbulence using the problem of a falling liquid film as a model system. We perform direct numerical simulations (DNSs) of the full Navier–Stokes equations and associated wall and free-surface boundary conditions and we examine both analytically and numerically a low-dimensional (LD) model for the film. For a two-pulse system, DNSs reveal the existence of very rich and complex pulse interactions, characterized by either overdamped, underdamped or self-sustained oscillating behaviours, all of them found to be in excellent agreement with LD results. Having demonstrated the reliability of the LD model for two-pulse systems/smaller domains, we use it to investigate larger domains with many interacting pulses, where DNSs are computationally expensive. We demonstrate that such systems are likely to be dominated by a self-sustained oscillatory dynamics.

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