Mobile, wearable, companionable: emerging technological challenges and incentives for learning

Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes (2014). Mobile, wearable, companionable: emerging technological challenges and incentives for learning. In: Atas do 2.º Encontro sobre Jogos e Mobile Learning, Centro de Investigação em Educação (CIEd), pp. 12–15.



As the latest generation of technology becomes increasingly personal and contextual, the discourse of ‘embedding’ it within formal learning needs to start shifting towards a discourse of continuous inquiry into how portable and wearable technologies change fundamental relationships between learners and diverse spheres of knowledge and experience. The notion that a handheld device can offer ‘personal assistance’ to its user has been around a long time, but it has now evolved to include more humanoid services such as Siri and Speaktoit Assistant. Mobile learning is taking on new qualities and characteristics as devices become ever more integrated with everyday life and wearables intensify the increasingly close relationship between people and technology. The notion of ‘assistance’ is foregrounded in the context of more informal learning in settings where teachers may be hard to access or when additional practice is needed. In the field of language learning, the availability of a personal device to support everyday communication and learning is seen as valuable yet still in many ways contentious.

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  • Item ORO ID
  • 40736
  • Item Type
  • Conference or Workshop Item
  • ISBN
  • 989-8525-30-4, 978-989-8525-30-7
  • Extra Information
  • This is a short paper to accompany a keynote address delivered at the Games and Mobile Learning 2014 conference at the University of Coimbra.
  • Keywords
  • mobile learning; wearables
  • Academic Unit or School
  • Institute of Educational Technology (IET)
  • Copyright Holders
  • © 2014 Agnes Kukulska-Hulme
  • Related URLs
  • Depositing User
  • Agnes Kukulska-Hulme