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National innovation systems, developing countries, and the role of intermediaries: a critical review of the literature

Watkins, Andrew; Papaioannou, Theo; Kale, Dinar and Mugwagwa, Julius (2014). National innovation systems, developing countries, and the role of intermediaries: a critical review of the literature. In: 15th International Conference of the International Joseph A. Schumpeter Society (ISS), 27-30 Jul 2014, Jena, Germany.

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Developed over the past three decades, the national innovation system concept (NIS) has been widely used by both scholars and policy makers to explain how interactions between a set of distinct, nationally bounded institutions supports and facilitates technological change and the emergence and diffusion of new innovations. This concept provides a framework by which developing countries can adopt for purposes of catching up. Initially conceived on structures and interactions identified in economically advanced countries, the application of the NIS concept to developing countries has been gradual and has coincided – in the NIS literature – with a move away from overly macro-interpretations to an emphasis on micro-level interactions and processes, with much of this work questioning the nation state as the most appropriate level of analysis, as well as the emergence of certain intermediary actors thought to facilitate knowledge exchange between actors and institutions. This paper reviews the NIS literature chronologically, showing how this shift in emphasis has diminished somewhat the importance of both institutions, particularly governments, and the process of institutional capacity building. In doing so, the paper suggests that more recent literature on intermediaries such as industry associations may offer valuable insights to how institutional capacity building occurs and how it might be directed, particularly in the context of developing countries where governance capacities are often lacking, contributing to less effective innovation systems, stagnant economies, and unequal development.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
Unpacking the Role of Industry Associations in Diffusion and Goverance of Health Innovations in Developing CountriesNot SetThe Leverhulme Trust
Keywords: national innovation systems; development; institutional capacity; knowledge exchange; intermediaries; industry associations
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) > Social Sciences and Global Studies > Development
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) > Social Sciences and Global Studies
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS)
Research Group: Innovation, Knowledge & Development research centre (IKD)
OpenSpace Research Centre (OSRC)
International Development & Inclusive Innovation
Institute for Innovation Generation in the Life Sciences (Innogen)
Related URLs:
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Item ID: 40722
Depositing User: Theo Papaioannou
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2014 09:27
Last Modified: 30 May 2020 03:22
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