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WTS-2 b: a hot Jupiter orbiting near its tidal destruction radius around a K dwarf

Birkby, J. L.; Cappetta, M.; Cruz, P.; Koppenhoefer, J.; Ivanyuk, O.; Mustill, A. J.; Hodgkin, S. T.; Pinfield, D. J.; Sipőcz, B.; Kovács, G.; Saglia, R.; Pavlenko, Y.; Barrado, D.; Bayo, A.; Campbell, D.; Catalan, S.; Fossati, L.; Gálvez-Ortiz, M.- C.; Kenworthy, M.; Lillo-Box, J.; Martin, E. L.; Mislis, D.; de Mooij, E. J. W.; Nefs, S. V.; Snellen, I. A. G.; Stoev, H.; Zendejas, J.; del Burgo, C.; Barnes, J.; Goulding, N.; Haswell, C. A.; Kuznetsov, M.; Lodieu, N.; Murgas, F.; Palle, E.; Solano, E.; Steele, P. and Tata, R. (2014). WTS-2 b: a hot Jupiter orbiting near its tidal destruction radius around a K dwarf. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 440(2) pp. 1470–1489.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stu343
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Abstract

We report the discovery of WTS-2 b, an unusually close-in 1.02-d hot Jupiter (MP = 1.12MJ, RP = 1.30RJ) orbiting a K2V star, which has a possible gravitationally bound M-dwarf companion at 0.6 arcsec separation contributing ~20 per cent of the total flux in the observed J-band light curve. The planet is only 1.5 times the separation from its host star at which it would be destroyed by Roche lobe overflow, and has a predicted remaining lifetime of just ~40 Myr, assuming a tidal dissipation quality factor of Q*'=106. Q*' is a key factor in determining how frictional processes within a host star affect the orbital evolution of its companion giant planets, but it is currently poorly constrained by observations. We calculate that the orbital decay of WTS-2 b would correspond to a shift in its transit arrival time of Tshift ~ 17 s after 15 yr assuming Q*'=106. A shift less than this would place a direct observational constraint on the lower limit of Q*' in this system. We also report a correction to the previously published expected Tshift for WASP-18 b, finding that Tshift = 356 s after 10 yr for Q*'=106, which is much larger than the estimated 28 s quoted in WASP-18 b discovery paper. We attempted to constrain Q*' via a study of the entire population of known transiting hot Jupiters, but our results were inconclusive, requiring a more detailed treatment of transit survey sensitivities at long periods. We conclude that the most informative and straightforward constraints on Q*' will be obtained by direct observational measurements of the shift in transit arrival times in individual hot Jupiter systems. We show that this is achievable across the mass spectrum of exoplanet host stars within a decade, and will directly probe the effects of stellar interior structure on tidal dissipation.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2014 The Authors
ISSN: 1365-2966
Keywords: planets and satellites; dynamical evolution and stability; fundamental parameters
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Physical Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 40433
Depositing User: Fiona Mcgavin
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2014 08:21
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 10:24
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/40433
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