Flowering of Stylosanthes guianensis in controlled temperatures under natural photoperiod.

Ison, R. L. and Humphreys, L. R. (1984). Flowering of Stylosanthes guianensis in controlled temperatures under natural photoperiod. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 35(2) pp. 219–228.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1071/AR9840219

URL: http://www.publish.csiro.au/?paper=AR9840219

Abstract

Seedlings of Stylosanthes guianensis var. guianensis cv. Cook and cv. Endeavour were grown in naturally lit glasshouses at Brisbane (lat. 27¦ 30' S.) at 35/30, 30/25 and 25/20¦C (day/night), and were sown so as to emerge at 18-day intervals from 18 January to 11 June. Cook behaved as a long day-short day plant, with seedlings emerging after 5 February flowering incompletely or remaining vegetative until the experiment was terminated in mid-October. In the 25/20¦C regimen flowering was incomplete in Cook; in Endeavour flowering was delayed but a conventional short-day response was observed. At 35/30¦C Endeavour flowering was inhibited in the shortest days of mid-winter, suggesting a stenophotoperiodic response, but short days were confounded with low levels of irradiance. Minimum duration of the phase from emergence to floral initiation was c. 66-70 days in Cook and c. 40-45 days in Endeavour; the duration of the phase floral initiation to flower appearance was linearly and negatively related to temperature.

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