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Executive functioning: developmental consequences on adolescents with histories of maltreatment

Kirke-Smith, Mimi; Henry, Lucy and Messer, David (2014). Executive functioning: developmental consequences on adolescents with histories of maltreatment. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 32(3) pp. 305–319.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12041
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Abstract

Research suggests that children exposed to maltreatment have deficits in executive functioning (EF) but few studies have focused on the adolescent age group. We investigated whether maltreated adolescents had lower EF abilities compared to a group of non-maltreated adolescents. Forty adolescents with histories of child maltreatment, together with a comparison group of 40 non-maltreated adolescents matched for age, completed a comprehensive battery of EF tasks. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses, controlling for IQ, were carried out using each of the EF measures as dependent variables to examine group differences. Maltreated adolescents had significantly lower performance than non-maltreated adolescents on tasks assessing executive loaded working memory, fluency, and inhibition, although switching was not impaired. Emotional and behavioural difficulties (EBD) were included in additional regression analyses to examine whether these variables would explain the group differences. The inclusion of EBD variables had some effect on group differences, as expected, but did not eliminate them. These findings support the theory that impairments in EF may be one underlying reason why adolescents with histories of maltreatment struggle to cope both inside and outside the classroom.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2014 The British Psychological Society
ISSN: 2044-835X
Keywords: adolescence; executive functioning; child maltreatment
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language Studies (WELS)
Research Group: Centre for Research in Education and Educational Technology (CREET)
Item ID: 39916
Depositing User: David Messer
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2014 11:53
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 10:22
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/39916
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