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The source of A-type magmas in two contrasting settings: U–Pb, Lu–Hf and Re–Os isotopic constraints

Pankhurst, M. J.; Schaefer, B. F.; Turner, S. P.; Argles, T. and Wade, C. E. (2013). The source of A-type magmas in two contrasting settings: U–Pb, Lu–Hf and Re–Os isotopic constraints. Chemical Geology, 351 pp. 175–194.

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The sources of post-orogenic A-type magmas from two distinct geodynamic settings are compared. The end of the ca. 514–480 Ma Delamerian Orogeny, southeastern South Australia, was marked by ~ 10 Myr of bimodal A-type magmatism, driven by convective removal of thickened lithosphere. Initial Os and Hf isotope ratios record a heterogeneous lithospheric mantle source, with some input from aesthenospheric mantle. Mafic parental melts fractionated to produce the granites. In contrast, initial Os isotope ratios of the A-type magmas that comprise the ca. 1598–1583 Ma Mesoproterozoic Gawler Felsic Large Igneous Province, central South Australia, record a dominant evolved lower crust component. However, initial Hf isotope ratios from these samples are depleted, indicating a mantle source for lithophile elements. This voluminous, bimodal magmatism lasted for ~ 15 Myr, and ended the Wartakan Orogeny. In both cases the homogenisation of chemical (rheological) heterogeneities, inherited from terrain amalgamation and orogenic thickening, strengthened the lithosphere. The contemporaneous fusion of heterogeneous mantle ± crust may represent a common, stabilising influence on the lithospheric column regardless of tectono-magmatic setting.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2013 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN: 0009-2541
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
Granites straight from the Mantle?RSRG 23107Royal Society
Keywords: Re–Os isotopes; A-type; Lu–Hf isotopes; post-orogenic; geodynamics; lithospheric stabilisation
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Environment, Earth and Ecosystem Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 39702
Depositing User: Thomas Argles
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2014 10:31
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 17:31
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