Oncogenic K-Ras suppresses IP3-dependent Ca2+ release through remodeling of IP3Rs isoform composition and ER luminal Ca2+ levels in colorectal cancer cell lines

Pierro, Cristina; Cook, Simon J.; Foets, Thomas C. F.; Bootman, Martin D. and Roderick, H. Llewelyn (2014). Oncogenic K-Ras suppresses IP3-dependent Ca2+ release through remodeling of IP3Rs isoform composition and ER luminal Ca2+ levels in colorectal cancer cell lines. Journal of Cell Science, 127(7) pp. 1607–1619.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.141408

Abstract

The GTPase Ras is a molecular switch engaged downstream of G-protein coupled receptors and receptor tyrosine inases that controls multiple cell fate-determining signalling athways. Ras signalling is frequently deregulated in cancer underlying associated changes in cell phenotype. Although Ca2+ signalling pathways control some overlapping functions with Ras, and altered Ca2+ signalling pathways are emerging as important players in oncogenic transformation, how Ca2+ signalling is remodelled during transformation and whether it has a causal role remains unclear. We have investigated Ca2+ signalling in two human colorectal cancer cell lines and their isogenic derivatives in which the mutated K-Ras allele (G13D) has been deleted by homologous recombination. We show that agonist-induced Ca2+ release from intracellular stores is enhanced by loss of K-RasG13D through an increase in the ER store content and a modification of IP3R subtype abundance. Consistently, uptake of Ca2+ into mitochondria and sensitivity to apoptosis was enhanced as a result of KRasG13D loss. These results suggest that suppression of Ca2+ signalling is a common response to naturally occurring levels of K-RasG13D that contributes to a survival advantage during oncogenic transformation.

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