Looking forward through the past: identification of 50 priority research questions in palaeoecology

Seddon, Alistair W. R.; Mackay, Anson W.; Baker, Ambroise G.; Birks, H. John B.; Breman, Elinor; Buck, Caitlin E.; Ellis, Erle C.; Froyd, Cynthia A.; Gill, Jacquelyn L.; Gillson, Lindsey; Johnson, Edward A.; Jones, Vivienne J.; Juggins, Stephen; Macias-Fauria, Marc; Mills, Keely; Morris, Jesse L.; Nogués-Bravo, David; Punyasena, Surangi W.; Roland, Thomas P.; Tanentzap, Andrew J.; Willis, Kathy J.; Aberhan, Martin; van Asperen, Eline N.; Austin, William E. N.; Battarbee, Rick W.; Bhagwat, Shonil; Belanger, Christina L.; Bennett, Keith D.; Birks, Hilary H.; Bronk Ramsey, Christopher; Brooks, Stephen J.; de Bruyn, Mark; Butler, Paul G.; Chambers, Frank M.; Clarke, Stewart J.; Davies, Althea L.; Dearing, John A.; Ezard, Thomas H. G.; Feurdean, Angelica; Flower, Roger J.; Gell, Peter; Hausmann, Sonja; Hogan, Erika J.; Hopkins, Melanie J.; Jeffers, Elizabeth S.; Korhola, Atte A.; Marchant, Robert; Kiefer, Thorsten; Lamentowicz, Mariusz; Larocque-Tobler, Isabelle; López-Merino, Lourdes; Liow, Lee H.; McGowan, Suzanne; Miller, Joshua H.; Montoya Romo, Encarnacion; Morton, Oliver; Nogué, Sandra; Onoufriou, Chloe; Boush, Lisa P.; Rodriguez-Sanchez, Francisco; Rose, Neil L.; Sayer, Carl D.; Shaw, Helen E.; Payne, Richard; Simpson, Gavin; Sohar, Kadri; Whitehouse, Nicki J.; Williams, John W.; Witkowski, Andrzej and McGlone, Matt (2014). Looking forward through the past: identification of 50 priority research questions in palaeoecology. Journal of Ecology, 102(1) pp. 256–267.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12195

Abstract

1. Priority question exercises are becoming an increasingly common tool to frame future agendas in
conservation and ecological science. They are an effective way to identify research foci that advance
the field and that also have high policy and conservation relevance.
2. To date, there has been no coherent synthesis of key questions and priority research areas for palaeoecology,
which combines biological, geochemical and molecular techniques in order to reconstruct
past ecological and environmental systems on time-scales from decades to millions of years.
3. We adapted a well-established methodology to identify 50 priority research questions in palaeoecology.
Using a set of criteria designed to identify realistic and achievable research goals, we
selected questions from a pool submitted by the international palaeoecology research community
and relevant policy practitioners.
4. The integration of online participation, both before and during the workshop, increased international
engagement in question selection.
5. The questions selected are structured around six themes: human–environment interactions in the
Anthropocene; biodiversity, conservation and novel ecosystems; biodiversity over long time-scales;
ecosystem processes and biogeochemical cycling; comparing, combining and synthesizing information
from multiple records; and new developments in palaeoecology.
6. Future opportunities in palaeoecology are related to improved incorporation of uncertainty into
reconstructions, an enhanced understanding of ecological and evolutionary dynamics and processes
and the continued application of long-term data for better-informed landscape management.
7. Synthesis. Palaeoecology is a vibrant and thriving discipline, and these 50 priority questions highlight
its potential for addressing both pure (e.g. ecological and evolutionary, methodological) and
applied (e.g. environmental and conservation) issues related to ecological science and global change.

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