The Open UniversitySkip to content
 

Biomass preservation in impact melt ejecta

Howard, Kieren Torres; Bailey, Melanie J.; Berhanu, Deborah; Bland, Phil A.; Cressey, Gordon; Howard, Lauren E.; Jeynes, Chris; Mathewman, Richard; Martins, Zita; Sephton, Mark A.; Stolojan, Vlad and Verchovsky, Sasha (2013). Biomass preservation in impact melt ejecta. Nature Geoscience, 6(12) pp. 1018–1022.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1996
Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar

Abstract

Meteorites can have played a role in the delivery of the building blocks of life to Earth only if organic compounds are able to survive the high pressures and temperatures of an impact event. Although experimental impact studies have reported the survival of organic compounds, there are uncertainties in scaling experimental conditions to those of a meteorite impact on Earth and organic matter has not been found in highly shocked impact materials in a natural setting. Impact glass linked to the 1.2-km-diameter Darwin crater in western Tasmania is strewn over an area exceeding 400 km2 and is thought to have been ejected by a meteorite impact about 800 kyr ago into terrain consisting of rainforest and swamp. Here we use pyrolysis–gas chromatography–mass spectrometry to show that biomarkers representative of plant species in the local ecosystem—including cellulose, lignin, aliphatic biopolymer and protein remnants—survived the Darwin impact. We find that inside the impact glass the organic components are trapped in porous carbon spheres. We propose that the organic material was captured within impact melt and preserved when the melt quenched to glass, preventing organic decomposition since the impact. We suggest that organic material can survive capture and transport in products of extreme impact processing, at least for a Darwin-sized impact event.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited
ISSN: 1752-0908
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Physical Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Related URLs:
Item ID: 38873
Depositing User: Sasha Verchovsky
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2014 15:15
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 10:20
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/38873
Share this page:

Metrics

Altmetrics from Altmetric

Citations from Dimensions

Actions (login may be required)

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   contact the OU