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Within-subject exposure dependency in case-crossover studies

Vines, S.K. and Farrington, C.P. (2001). Within-subject exposure dependency in case-crossover studies. Statistics in Medicine, 20(20) pp. 3039–3049.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/sim.960
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Abstract

In the case-crossover design, only cases are sampled and the hazard ratio is estimated from within-subject comparisons of exposures at the event time and in M control periods prior to the event. We consider the effect of within-subject dependence of exposures in successive time periods. We show that estimates obtained from the conditional logistic model are biased. This bias disappears if the distribution of exposures in the M+1 successive time intervals is exchangeable. In contrast, the Mantel-Haenszel estimator for the odds ratio is approximately unbiased provided that exposures are stationary. Suitable methods of analysis of case-crossover designs using maximum likelihood may be derived from cohort rather than case-control models. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Item Type: Journal Article
ISSN: 0277-6715
Academic Unit/Department: Mathematics, Computing and Technology > Mathematics and Statistics
Item ID: 3868
Depositing User: Karen Vines
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2006
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2010 19:50
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/3868
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