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English for communication in Bangladesh: baseline research to establish the pre-existing environment for the ‘English in Action’ project

Kirkwood, Adrian (2013). English for communication in Bangladesh: baseline research to establish the pre-existing environment for the ‘English in Action’ project. System, 41(3) pp. 866–879.

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Although Bangladesh is largely monolingual, English is increasingly important for international communication. The English in Action project was established to enhance the use of English as a tool for better access to the world economy. Interventions in three sectors (primary education, secondary education and adult learning) aim to improve the teaching and learning of communicative English over a 9-year period. At the outset of the project a range of baseline studies was undertaken to collect relevant data to develop a detailed representation of the communicative environment for English in Bangladesh. The main focus of this article is formal education contexts. Data collection for these studies involved various methods including interviews, surveys, classroom observations and desk research of existing sources. This article describes the nature of those studies and presents some of the key findings. Together, the studies create a rich picture of the circumstances that bring about a generally low level of competence in communicative English, despite individuals experiencing many years of compulsory study of the subject within formal education.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN: 0346-251X
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
Not SetNot SetUK Department for International Development (DfID)
Keywords: baseline research; formal education; second language learning; information & communication technologies; qualitative change; teacher development
Academic Unit/School: Learning and Teaching Innovation (LTI) > Institute of Educational Technology (IET)
Learning and Teaching Innovation (LTI)
Research Group: Centre for Research in Education and Educational Technology (CREET)
Item ID: 38499
Depositing User: Adrian Kirkwood
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2013 10:18
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 10:29
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