The expressive stance: intentionality, expression, and machine art

Linson, Adam (2013). The expressive stance: intentionality, expression, and machine art. International Journal of Machine Consciousness, 5(2) pp. 195–216.



This paper proposes a new interpretive stance for interpreting artistic works and performances that is relevant to artificial intelligence research but also has broader implications. Termed the expressive stance, this stance makes intelligible a critical distinction between present-day machine art and human art, but allows for the possibility that future machine art could find a place alongside our own. The expressive stance is elaborated as a response to Daniel Dennett's notion of the intentional stance, which is critically examined with respect to his specialized concept of rationality. The paper also shows that temporal scale implicitly serves to select between different modes of explanation in prominent theories of intentionality. It also considers the implications of the phenomenological background for systems that produce art.

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  • Item ORO ID
  • 38361
  • Item Type
  • Journal Item
  • ISSN
  • 1793-8473
  • Extra Information
  • Preprint of an article published in the International Journal of Machine Consciousness,
    Vol. 5, No. 2, Dec. 2013, pp. 195–216.
    Copyright World Scientific Publishing Company.
    For citation, please use the text and pagination of the published version.
  • Keywords
  • intentionality; expression; machine art; machine musicianship; improvisation; time; temporality; aesthetics; phenomenology
  • Academic Unit or School
  • Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
  • Copyright Holders
  • © 2013 World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Depositing User
  • Adam Linson