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Large-scale star-formation-driven outflows at 1 < z < 2 in the 3D-HST Survey

Lundgren, Britt F.; Brammer, Gabriel; van Dokkum, Pieter; Bezanson, Rachel; Franx, Marijn; Fumagalli, Mattia; Momcheva, Ivelina; Nelson, Erica; Skelton, Rosalind E.; Wake, David; Whitaker, Katherine; da Cunha, Elizabete; Erb, Dawn K.; Fan, Xiaohui; Kriek, Mariska; Labbé, Ivo; Marchesini, Danilo; Patel, Shannon; Rix, Hans Walter; Schmidt, Kasper and van der Wel, Arjen (2012). Large-scale star-formation-driven outflows at 1 < z < 2 in the 3D-HST Survey. Astrophysical Journal, 760(1), article no. 49.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/760/1/49
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Abstract

We present evidence of large-scale outflows from three low-mass (log(M*/M) ~ 9.75) star-forming (SFR > 4 M yr–1) galaxies observed at z = 1.24, z = 1.35, and z = 1.75 in the 3D-HST Survey. Each of these galaxies is located within a projected physical distance of 60 kpc around the sight line to the quasar SDSS J123622.93+621526.6, which exhibits well-separated strong (Wλ2796r ≳ 0.8 Å) Mg II absorption systems matching precisely to the redshifts of the three galaxies. We derive the star formation surface densities from the Hα emission in the WFC3 G141 grism observations for the galaxies and find that in each case the star formation surface density well exceeds 0.1 M yr–1 kpc–2, the typical threshold for starburst galaxies in the local universe. From a small but complete parallel census of the 0.65 < z < 2.6 galaxies with H140 ≲ 24 proximate to the quasar sight line, we detect Mg II absorption associated with galaxies extending to physical distances of 130 kpc. We determine that the Wr > 0.8 Å Mg II covering fraction of star-forming galaxies at 1 < z < 2 may be as large as unity on scales extending to at least 60 kpc, providing early constraints on the typical extent of starburst-driven winds around galaxies at this redshift. Our observations additionally suggest that the azimuthal distribution of Wr > 0.4 Å Mg II absorbing gas around star-forming galaxies may evolve from z ~ 2 to the present, consistent with recent observations of an increasing collimation of star-formation-driven outflows with time from z ~ 3.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2012 The American Astronomical Society
ISSN: 1538-4357
Extra Information: 13 pp.
Keywords: galaxies; evolution; quasars; absorption lines
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Physical Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 38270
Depositing User: Astrid Peterkin
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2013 08:29
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 10:18
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/38270
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