The Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey of SDSS-III

Dawson, Kyle S.; Schlegel, David J.; Ahn, Christopher P.; Anderson, Scott F.; Aubourg, Éric; Bailey, Stephen; Barkhouser, Robert H.; Bautista, Julian E.; Beifiori, Alessandra; Berlind, Andreas A.; Bhardwaj, Vaishali; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Blake, Cullen H.; Blanton, Michael R.; Blomqvist, Michael; Bolton, Adam S.; Borde, Arnaud; Bovy, Jo; Brandt, W. N.; Brewington, Howard; Brinkmann, Jon; Brown, Peter J.; Brownstein, Joel R.; Bundy, Kevin; Busca, N. G.; Carithers, William; Carnero, Aurelio R.; Carr, Michael A.; Chen, Yanmei; Comparat, Johan; Connolly, Natalia; Cope, Frances; Croft, Rupert A. C.; Cuesta, Antonio J.; da Costa, Luiz N.; Davenport, James R. A.; Delubac, Timothée; de Putter, Roland; Dhital, Saurav; Ealet, Anne; Ebelke, Garrett L.; Eisenstein, Daniel J.; Escoffier, S.; Fan, Xiaohui; Filiz Ak, N.; Finley, Hayley; Font-Ribera, Andreu; Génova-Santos, R.; Gunn, James E.; Guo, Hong; Haggard, Daryl; Hall, Patrick B.; Hamilton, Jean-Christophe; Harris, Ben; Harris, David W.; Ho, Shirley; Hogg, David W.; Holder, Diana; Honscheid, Klaus; Huehnerhoff, Joe; Jordan, Beatrice; Jordan, Wendell P.; Kauffmann, Guinevere; Kazin, Eyal A.; Kirkby, David; Klaene, Mark A.; Kneib, Jean-Paul; Le Goff, Jean-Marc; Lee, Khee-Gan; Long, Daniel C.; Loomis, Craig P.; Lundgren, Britt; Lupton, Robert H.; Maia, Marcio A. G.; Makler, Martin; Malanushenko, Elena; Malanushenko, Viktor; Mandelbaum, Rachel; Manera, Marc; Maraston, Claudia; Margala, Daniel; Masters, Karen L.; McBride, Cameron K.; McDonald, Patrick; McGreer, Ian D.; McMahon, Richard G.; Mena, Olga; Miralda-Escudé, Jordi; Montero-Dorta, Antonio D.; Montesano, Francesco; Muna, Demitri; Myers, Adam D.; Naugle, Tracy; Nichol, Robert C.; Noterdaeme, Pasquier; Nuza, Sebastián E.; Olmstead, Matthew D.; Oravetz, Audrey; Oravetz, Daniel J.; Owen, Russell; Padmanabhan, Nikhil; Palanque-Delabrouille, Nathalie; Pan, Kaike; Parejko, John K.; Pâris, Isabelle; Percival, Will J.; Pérez-Fournon, Ismael; Pérez-Ràfols, Ignasi; Petitjean, Patrick; Pfaffenberger, Robert; Pforr, Janine; Pieri, Matthew M.; Prada, Francisco; Price-Whelan, Adrian M.; Raddick, M. Jordan; Rebolo, Rafael; Rich, James; Richards, Gordon T.; Rockosi, Constance M.; Roe, Natalie A.; Ross, Ashley J.; Ross, Nicholas P.; Rossi, Graziano; Rubiño-Martin, J. A.; Samushia, Lado; Sánchez, Ariel G.; Sayres, Conor; Schmidt, Sarah J.; Schneider, Donald P.; Scóccola, C. G.; Seo, Hee-Jong; Shelden, Alaina; Sheldon, Erin; Shen, Yue; Shu, Yiping; Slosar, Anže; Smee, Stephen A.; Snedden, Stephanie A.; Stauffer, Fritz; Steele, Oliver; Strauss, Michael A.; Streblyanska, Alina; Suzuki, Nao; Swanson, Molly E. C.; Tal, Tomer; Tanaka, Masayuki; Thomas, Daniel; Tinker, Jeremy L.; Tojeiro, Rita; Tremonti, Christy A.; Vargas Magaña, M.; Verde, Licia; Viel, Matteo; Wake, David; Watson, Mike; Weaver, Benjamin A.; Weinberg, David H.; Weiner, Benjamin J.; West, Andrew A.; White, Martin; Wood-Vasey, W. M.; Yeche, Christophe; Zehavi, Idit; Zhao, Gong-Bo and Zheng, Zheng (2013). The Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey of SDSS-III. Astronomical Journal, 145(1), article no. 10.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-6256/145/1/10

Abstract

The Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) is designed to measure the scale of baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) in the clustering of matter over a larger volume than the combined efforts of all previous spectroscopic surveys of large-scale structure. BOSS uses 1.5 million luminous galaxies as faint as i = 19.9 over 10,000 deg2 to measure BAO to redshifts ɀ < 0.7. Observations of neutral hydrogen in the Lyα forest in more than 150,000 quasar spectra (g < 22) will constrain BAO over the redshift range 2.15 < ɀ < 3.5. Early results from BOSS include the first detection of the large-scale three-dimensional clustering of the Lyα forest and a strong detection from the Data Release 9 data set of the BAO in the clustering of massive galaxies at an effective redshift ɀ = 0.57. We project that BOSS will yield measurements of the angular diameter distance dA to an accuracy of 1.0% at redshifts ɀ = 0.3 and ɀ = 0.57 and measurements of H(ɀ) to 1.8% and 1.7% at the same redshifts. Forecasts for Lyα forest constraints predict a measurement of an overall dilation factor that scales the highly degenerate DA (ɀ) and H –1(ɀ) parameters to an accuracy of 1.9% at ɀ ~ 2.5 when the survey is complete. Here, we provide an overview of the selection of spectroscopic targets, planning of observations, and analysis of data and data quality of BOSS.

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