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New life sciences innovation and distributive justice: rawlsian goods versus senian capabilities

Papaioannou, Theo (2013). New life sciences innovation and distributive justice: rawlsian goods versus senian capabilities. Life Sciences, Society and Policy, 9(5)

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URL: http://www.lsspjournal.com/content/9/1/5
DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1186/2195-7819-9-5
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Abstract

The successful decoding of human genome and subsequent advances in new life sciences innovation create technological presuppositions of a new possibility of justice i.e. the just distribution of both social (income, wealth, etc.) and natural (rationality, intelligence, etc.) goods. Although Rawlsians attempt to expand their theory to include this new possibility, they fail to provide plausible metrics of social justice in the genomics and post-genomics era. By contrast, Senians seem to succeed to do so through their index of basic capabilities. This paper explores what might be regarded as a Senian perspective of distributive justice in new life sciences innovation. The argument is that, by comparing freedoms (different functionings) instead of primary goods, the capability theory allows not only for the identification of injustices linked to natural lottery but also for their elimination through the use of new genomic technologies, including gene-based diagnostics, gene therapy, somatic cell engineering (SCE) and germ-line engineering (GLE). These innovative technologies seem to have the potential to reduce variability in natural goods and therefore enable individuals to convert social goods into well-being or welfare.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2013 Papaioannou; licensee Springer
ISSN: 2195-7819
Extra Information: 13 pp.
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) > Politics, Philosophy, Economics, Development, Geography > Development
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) > Politics, Philosophy, Economics, Development, Geography
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS)
Research Group: Innovation, Knowledge & Development research centre (IKD)
OpenSpace Research Centre (OSRC)
Institute for Innovation Generation in the Life Sciences (Innogen)
Item ID: 37712
Depositing User: Theo Papaioannou
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2013 09:08
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 16:38
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/37712
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