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Are children less reliable at making visual identifications than adults? A review

Havard, Catriona (2014). Are children less reliable at making visual identifications than adults? A review. Psychology, Crime & Law, 20(4) pp. 372–388.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1080/1068316X.2013.793334
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Abstract

The current paper reviews research that has investigated developmental differences in lineup identification. A wealth of studies have shown that children can be as accurate as adults when making a correct identification from a target present lineup (TP), however children are more inclined to choose and thereby make a false identification from a target absent (TA) lineup, as compared to adults. The literature reviewed, suggests that the disparity between children’s and adult’s performances on TA lineups is due to children being unable to resist the social demands to choose someone from a lineup and/or the need to give a positive response. Employing a silhouette within a lineup, that can be chosen if the target is not recognised, appears to be the most successful technique for reducing false identifications made by child witnesses. Including a silhouette as a part of a lineup, along with the lineup administrator being attired in casual clothing, rather than a uniform, are two simple measures that could make child witness identification evidence more reliable.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2013 Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 1068-316X
Keywords: child eyewitness; child witnesses; children's memory; eyewitness identification; lineup instructions
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) > Psychology
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS)
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Centre for Policing Research and Learning (CPRL)
Harm and Evidence Research Collaborative (HERC)
Item ID: 37634
Depositing User: Catriona Havard
Date Deposited: 20 May 2013 08:05
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2016 21:45
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/37634
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